The Red Fort, or Lal Qila, is an iconic historical fortress located in the heart of Old Delhi, India. Built by the fifth Mughal Emperor Shah Jahan in the mid-17th century, the Red Fort stands as a majestic testament to Mughal architecture and grandeur. Constructed from red sandstone, the fort derives its name from the distinctive color of its walls. The fort served as the main residence of the Mughal emperors for nearly 200 years until the British colonial era.
The Red Fort is renowned for its architectural brilliance, characterized by intricate carvings, decorative marble, and a harmonious blend of Persian, Timurid, and Indian styles. Its significant structures include the Diwan-i-Aam (Hall of Public Audience), Diwan-i-Khas (Hall of Private Audience), the Nahr-i-Behisht (Stream of Paradise), and the stunning Moti Masjid (Pearl Mosque). The fort also played a pivotal role in India’s history, witnessing historic events such as the hoisting of the Indian National Flag by Jawaharlal Nehru on August 15, 1947, marking the country’s independence. Today, the Red Fort stands as a UNESCO World Heritage Site, drawing visitors from around the world to marvel at its architectural splendor and relive the pages of India’s rich past.